Prominence in the History of Coal Mining!

As part of the National Coal Heritage Area designated by Congress, McDowell County is located in the heart of the coalfields of West Virginia. The county was formed by an act of the Virginia Legislature on February 20, 1858. The county is popularly referred to as the "Free State of McDowell," a name originally coined by a local newspaper editor to refer to the unusual politics and demographics of the area.

Currently, 17 properties and districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places in McDowell County:

Algoma Coal and Coke Company Store

• Located on County Route 17 in Algoma.

Ashland Company Store

• Located on County Route 17 in Ashland.

Carter Coal Company Store

• Located at Junction of WV 16 and County Route 12/8 in Caretta.

• Demolished March 29, 2008.

Empire Coal Company Store

• Located on U.S. Route 52 in Landgraff.

• No longer in existence.

Houston Coal Company Store

• Located on U.S. Route 52 in Carswell.

James Ellwood Jones House

• Located North of U.S. Route 52, East of Turkey Gap Branch in Switchback.

John J. Lincoln House

• Located North of U.S. Route 52 in Elkhorn.

McDowell County Courthouse

• Located on Wyoming Street in Welch.

Page Coal and Coke Company Store

• Located on WV 161 in Pageton.

Peerless Coal Company Store

• Located South of U.S. Route 52 in Vivian.

Pocahontas Fuel Company Store

• Located on U.S. Route 52 in Maybeury.

• Demolished after March 2005.

Pocahontas Fuel Company Store

• Located on U.S. Route 52 in Switchback.

Pocahontas Fuel Company Store and Office Buildings

• Located on County Route 8 in Jenkinjones.

U.S. Coal and Coke Company Store

• Located on County Route 13/2 in Ream.

• Demolished between March 2004 and 2006.

Welch Commercial Historic District

• Located by Wyoming Street, Elkhorn Creek and the Tug River in Welch.

World War Memorial

• Located on U.S. Route 52 in Kimball.

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Popular Location:World War Memorial

Popular Historic Sites

Trending Historic Sites in McDowell County

    World War Memorial

    The Kimball World War I Memorial was the first memorial built in the U.S. to honor African-American veterans of World War I. Today it is the only such memorial remaining. The site was chosen in part because it lay in ...

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